2 22 honeycomb

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222 honeycomb
(no image)
Type Uniform tessellation
Coxeter symbol 222
Schläfli symbol {3,3,32,2}
Coxeter–Dynkin diagram Template:CDD
6-face type 221 E6 graph.svg
5-face types 2115-orthoplex.svg
{34}5-simplex t0.svg
4-face type {33}4-simplex t0.svg
Cell type {3,3}3-simplex t0.svg
Face type {3}2-simplex t0.svg
Face figure {3}×{3} duoprism
Edge figure t2{34} 5-simplex t2.svg
Vertex figure 122 Gosset 1 22 polytope.svg
Coxeter group|, [[3,3,32,2]]
Properties vertex-transitive, facet-transitive

In geometry, the 222 honeycomb is a uniform tessellation of the six-dimensional Euclidean space. It can be represented by the Schlafli symbol {3,3,32,2}. It is constructed from 221 facets and has a 122 vertex figure, with 54 221 polytopes around every vertex.

Its vertex arrangement is the E6 lattice, and the root system of the E6 Lie group so it can also be called the E6 honeycomb.

Construction

It is created by a Wythoff construction upon a set of 7 hyperplane mirrors in 6-dimensional space.

The facet information can be extracted from its Coxeter–Dynkin diagram, Template:CDD.

Removing a node on the end of one of the 2-node branches leaves the 221, its only facet type, Template:CDD

The vertex figure is determined by removing the ringed node and ringing the neighboring node. This makes 122, Template:CDD.

The edge figure is the vertex figure of the vertex figure, here being a birectified 5-simplex, t2{34}, Template:CDD.

The face figure is the vertex figure of the edge figure, here being a triangular duoprism, {3}×{3}, Template:CDD.

Kissing number

Each vertex of this tessellation is the center of a 5-sphere in the densest known packing in 6 dimensions, with kissing number 72, represented by the vertices of its vertex figure 122.

E6 lattice

The 222 honeycomb's vertex arrangement is called the E6 lattice.[1]

The E62 lattice, with [[3,3,32,2]] symmetry, can be constructed by the union of two E6 lattices:

Template:CDD + Template:CDD

The E6* lattice[2] (or E63) with [3[32,2,2]] symmetry. The Voronoi cell of the E6* lattice is the rectified 122 polytope, and the Voronoi tessellation is a bitruncated 222 honeycomb.[3] It is constructed by 3 copies of the E6 lattice vertices, one from each of the three branches of the Coxeter diagram.

Template:CDD + Template:CDD + Template:CDD = dual to Template:CDD.

Related honeycombs

The 222 honeycomb is one of 127 uniform honeycombs (39 unique) with symmetry. 24 of them have doubled symmetry [[3,3,32,2]] with 2 equally ringed branches and, and 7 have sextupled (3!) symmetry [3[32,2,2]] with identical rings on all 3 branches. There are no regular honeycombs in the family since its Coxeter diagram a nonlinear graph, but the 222 and birectified 222 are isotopic, with only one type of facet: 221, and rectified 122 polytopes respectively.

Symmetry Order Honeycombs
[32,2,2] Full

8: Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD.

[[3,3,32,2]] ×2

24: Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD,

Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD,

Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD,

Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD.

[3[32,2,2]] ×6

7: Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD, Template:CDD.

Bitruncated 2 22 honeycomb

The bitruncated 222 honeycomb Template:CDD, has within its symmetry construction 3 copies of Template:CDD facets. Its vertex arrangement can also be constructed as an E6* lattice, as:

Template:CDD + Template:CDD + Template:CDD

Geometric folding

The group is related to the by a geometric folding, so this honeycomb can be projected into the 4-dimensional 16-cell honeycomb.

Template:CDD Template:CDD
{3,3,32,2} {3,3,4,3}

k22 polytopes

The 222 honeycomb, is fourth in a dimensional series of uniform polytopes, expressed by Coxeter as k22 series. The final is a noncompact hyperbolic honeycomb, 322. Each progressive uniform polytope is constructed from the previous as its vertex figure.

k22 figures in n dimensions
Space Finite Euclidean Hyperbolic
n 4 5 6 7 8
Coxeter
group
2A2 A5 E6 =E6+ =E6++
Coxeter
diagram
Template:CDD Template:CDD Template:CDD Template:CDD Template:CDD
Symmetry [[32,2,-1]] [[32,2,0]] [[32,2,1]] [[32,2,2]] [[32,2,3]]
Order 72 1440 103,680
Graph 3-3 duoprism ortho-skew.png 5-simplex t2.svg Up 1 22 t0 E6.svg
Name −122 022 122 222 322

Notes

References

  • Coxeter The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays, Dover Publications, 1999, ISBN 978-0-486-40919-1 (Chapter 3: Wythoff's Construction for Uniform Polytopes)
  • Coxeter Regular Polytopes (1963), Macmillian Company
    • Regular Polytopes, Third edition, (1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8 (Chapter 5: The Kaleidoscope)
  • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1] GoogleBook
    • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3–45]
  • R. T. Worley, The Voronoi Region of E6*. J. Austral. Math. Soc. (A), 43 (1987), 268-278.
  • {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=book }} p125-126, 8.3 The 6-dimensional lattices: E6 and E6*