Böttcher's equation

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Böttcher's equation, named after Lucjan Böttcher, is the functional equation


The logarithm of this functional equation amounts to Schröder's equation.


Lucian Emil Böttcher sketched a proof in 1904 on the existence of an analytic solution F in a neighborhood of the fixed point a, such that F(a) = 0.[1] This solution is sometimes called the Böttcher coordinate. (The complete proof was published by Joseph Ritt in 1920,[2] who was unaware of the original formulation.[3])

Böttcher's coordinate (the logarithm of the Schröder function) conjugates Template:Mvar in a neighbourhood of the fixed point to the function zn. An especially important case is when h(z) is a polynomial of degree Template:Mvar, and Template:Mvar = ∞ .[4]


Böttcher's equation plays a fundamental role in the part of holomorphic dynamics which studies iteration of polynomials of one complex variable.

Global properties of the Böttcher coordinate were studied by Fatou [5] and Douady and Hubbard .[6]

See also


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