Currency sign

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A currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency signs for most official purposes,{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} though currency signs may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no short-hand symbol at all.

Although many former currency signs were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency sign — implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats — has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers part of the success of the euro was the global recognition of the euro sign Template:Euro. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries.[1] It finalized its new currency symbol, (Template:INR) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "".

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Usage

When writing currency amounts the location of the sign varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50.00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 S₣); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its sign in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).[2]

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., R$50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.

Design

Official dimensions of the euro sign.
Dimensions of the sign in a selection of type faces.

Older currency signs have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso signs originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira signs evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new signs have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the euro sign is meant to symbolize stability[3]. The new Indian rupee symbol, Template:INR, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} and how the sign is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro sign was to be displayed;[1] the original design was also exceptionally wide, which has led to most displays employing altered versions with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency signs

Symbol Uses Notes
Template:Sms¤ Template:SmsGeneric currency sign Used when the correct sign is not available
Template:Sms؋ Template:SmsAfghan afghani
Template:SmsAr Template:SmsMalagasy ariary[4]
Template:Sms฿ Template:SmsThai baht
Template:SmsB/. Template:SmsPanamanian balboa
Template:SmsBr Template:SmsEthiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
Template:SmsBs. Template:SmsVenezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
Template:SmsBs.F. Template:SmsVenezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
Template:SmsGH¢ Template:SmsGhana cedi
Template:Sms¢ Template:Smscent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
Template:Smsc Template:Smscent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
Template:Smsct Template:SmsLithuanian centas A centesimal division of the litas
Template:SmsCh. Template:SmsBhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
Template:Sms Template:SmsCosta Rican colón Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.
Template:SmsD Template:SmsGambian dalasi
Template:Smsден Template:SmsMacedonian denar Latin form: DEN
Template:SmsTemplate:Smsدج Template:SmsAlgerian dinar Latin form: DA
Template:Sms.د.ب Template:SmsBahraini dinar Latin form: BD
Template:Smsع.د Template:SmsIraqi dinar
Template:SmsJD Template:SmsJordanian dinar
Template:Smsد.ك Template:SmsKuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
Template:Smsل.د Template:SmsLibyan dinar Latin form: LD
Template:SmsДИН Template:SmsSerbian dinar Latin form: din.
Template:Smsد.ت Template:SmsTunisian dinar Latin form: DT
Template:Smsد.م. Template:SmsMoroccan dirham
Template:Smsد.إ Template:SmsUnited Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
Template:SmsDb Template:SmsSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Template:Sms$ Template:SmsAustralian (AU$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (C$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Brazilian (R$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos

Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)

[[Tongan paʻanga|Tongan paTemplate:Okinaanga]]
May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.


See also MOP$ and WS$
Template:Sms Template:SmsVietnamese đồng
Template:SmsArmenian dram sign.svg Template:SmsArmenian dram
Template:SmsEsc Template:SmsCape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):
Template:Sms Template:SmsEuropean euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
Template:Smsƒ Template:SmsAruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
Template:SmsFt Template:SmsHungarian forint
Template:SmsFBu Template:SmsBurundian franc
Template:SmsFCFA Template:SmsCentral African CFA franc Also CFA[7]

Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
Template:Sms Template:SmsComorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/G₣) and Swiss (S₣) francs Also F and Fr.
Template:SmsFRw Template:SmsRwandan franc[8] Possibly also RF[9] and R₣[10]
Template:SmsCFA Template:SmsWest African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
Template:SmsG Template:SmsHaitian gourde
Template:Smsgr Template:SmsPolish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
Template:Sms Template:SmsParaguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
Template:Smsh Template:SmsCzech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
Template:Sms Template:SmsUkrainian hryvnia
Template:Sms Template:SmsLao kip Or ₭N
Template:Sms Template:SmsCzech koruna
Template:Smskr Template:SmsDanish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones

Swedish krona

Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone
Template:Smskn Template:SmsCroatian kuna
Template:SmsMK Template:SmsMalawian kwacha
Template:SmsZK Template:SmsZambian kwacha
Template:SmsKz Template:SmsAngolan kwanza
Template:SmsK Template:SmsMyanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina
Template:Sms Template:SmsGeorgian lari
Template:SmsLs Template:SmsLatvian lats
Template:SmsL Template:SmsAlbanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency sign for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
Template:SmsLe Template:SmsSierra Leonean leone
Template:SmsE Template:SmsSwazi lilangeni Sign based on the plural form "emalangeni.

" The one-lilageni note employs the currency sign
L
Template:Smslp Template:SmsCroatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
Template:SmsTurkish lira symbol black.svg Template:SmsTurkish lira
Template:SmsLt Template:SmsLithuanian litas
Template:SmsM Template:SmsLesotho loti Sign based on plural form "maloti.

" The one-loti note employs the currency sign
L
Template:SmsAzeri manat symbol.svg Template:SmsAzerbaijani manat Also m. and man.
Template:SmsКМ Template:SmsBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Latin form: KM
Template:SmsMT Template:SmsMozambican metical[11] Also MTn
Template:Sms Template:SmsMill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
Template:SmsNfk Template:SmsEritrean nakfa Also Nfa[7]
Template:Sms Template:SmsNigerian naira
Template:SmsNu. Template:SmsBhutanese ngultrum
Template:SmsUM Template:SmsMauritanian ouguiya[12]
Template:SmsMOP$ Template:SmsMacanese pataca Alsoand
Template:Sms Template:SmsPhilippine peso Also P, PhP, and P
Template:Sms£ Template:SmsBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds Alsoand L
Template:Smsج.م. Template:SmsEgyptian pound Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or
Template:SmsP Template:SmsBotswana pula
Template:SmsQ Template:SmsGuatemalan quetzal
Template:Smsq Template:SmsAlbanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
Template:SmsPt. Template:SmsEgyptian qirsh A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
Template:SmsR Template:SmsSouth African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
Template:SmsR$ Template:SmsBrazilian real Also the double-barred dollar sign:
Template:Smsریال Template:SmsIranian rial Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.
Template:Smsر.ع. Template:SmsOmani rial
Template:Smsر.ق Template:SmsQatari rial Latin: QR
Template:Smsر.س Template:SmsSaudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
Template:Sms Template:SmsCambodian riel
Template:SmsRM Template:SmsMalaysian ringgit
Template:Smsр. Template:SmsBritish &c. pennies

Transnistrian ruble
The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Template:SmsRf. Template:SmsMaldivian rufiyaa Also MRf. and
Template:Sms(Template:INR) Template:SmsIndian rupee Unicode:
Template:Sms Template:SmsMauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SL₨/රු) rupees
Template:SmsSRe Template:SmsSeychellois rupee[15] Also SR
Template:SmsRp Template:SmsIndonesian rupiah
Template:Smss Template:SmsLatvian santīms A centesimal division of the lats.
Template:Sms Template:SmsIsraeli new shekel
Template:SmsKsh Template:SmsKenyan shilling Also KSh
Template:SmsSh.So. Template:SmsSomali shilling[16]
Template:SmsUSh Template:SmsUgandan shilling
Template:SmsS/. Template:SmsPeruvian nuevo sol
Template:SmsSDR Template:SmsSpecial drawing rights
Template:Smsлв Template:SmsBulgarian lev
Template:Smsсом Template:SmsKyrgyzstani som
Template:Sms Template:SmsBangladeshi Taka Also Tk
Template:SmsWS$ Template:SmsSamoan tālā Sign based on previous name "West Samoan tala."

Also
T and ST.

See also $
Template:SmsKazakhstani tenge symbol.svg Template:SmsKazakhstani tenge Unicode:
Template:Sms Template:SmsMongolian tögrög
Template:SmsVT Template:SmsVanuatu vatu[17]
Template:Sms Template:SmsNorth Korean and South Korean won
Template:Sms¥ Template:SmsJapanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
Used with one and two crossbars.

元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Template:Sms Template:SmsPolish złoty

List of historic currency signs

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. [www.bankofguyana.org.gy Bank of Guyana]. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us - A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  8. National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  12. Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
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