Currency symbol

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} Template:Distinguish2 Template:SpecialChars

A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency symbols for most official purposes,{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} though currency symbols may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no shorthand symbol at all.

Although many former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbols – implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign Template:Euro part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries.[1] It finalized its new currency symbol, (Template:INR) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "" (ra).

Usage

When writing currency amounts the location of the symbol varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 SFr); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its symbol in the decimal position (i.e., $2000).[2]

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.

Design

Official dimensions of the euro sign
Dimensions of the symbol in a selection of type faces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability.[3] The new Indian rupee symbol, Template:INR, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }} and how the symbol is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[1] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency symbols

Symbol Uses Notes
Template:Hs¤ Template:HsGeneric currency sign Used when the correct symbol is not available
Template:Hs؋ Template:HsAfghan afghani
Template:HsAr Template:HsMalagasy ariary[4]
Template:Hs฿ Template:HsThai baht, Template:HsBitcoin
BitcoinSign.svg Template:HsBitcoin
Template:HsB/. Template:HsPanamanian balboa
Template:HsBr Template:HsEthiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
Template:HsBs. Template:HsVenezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
Template:HsBs.F. Template:HsVenezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
Template:HsGH₵ Template:HsGhana cedi
Template:Hs¢ Template:Hscent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
Template:Hsc Template:Hscent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
Template:Hsct Template:HsLithuanian centas A centesimal division of the litas
Template:HsCh. Template:HsBhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
Template:Hs Template:HsCosta Rican colón Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.
Template:HsD Template:HsGambian dalasi
Template:Hsден Template:HsMacedonian denar Latin form: DEN
Template:HsTemplate:Hsدج Template:HsAlgerian dinar Latin form: DA
Template:Hs.د.ب Template:HsBahraini dinar Latin form: BD
Template:Hsد.ع Template:HsIraqi dinar
Template:HsJD Template:HsJordanian dinar
Template:Hsد.ك Template:HsKuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
Template:Hsل.د Template:HsLibyan dinar Latin form: LD
Template:Hsдин Template:HsSerbian dinar Latin form: din.
Template:Hsد.ت Template:HsTunisian dinar Latin form: DT
Template:Hsد.م. Template:HsMoroccan dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
Template:Hsد.إ Template:HsUnited Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
Template:HsDb Template:HsSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Template:Hs$ United States (US$), Template:HsAustralian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CA$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos

Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)

Brazilian real (R$)

[[Tongan paʻanga|Tongan paTemplate:Okinaanga]]
May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.


See also MOP$ and WS$
Template:Hs Template:HsVietnamese đồng
Template:HsArmenian dram sign.svg Template:HsArmenian dram Unicode : ֏
Template:HsEsc Template:HsCape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):
Template:Hs Template:HsEuropean euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
Template:Hsƒ Template:HsAruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
Template:HsFt Template:HsHungarian forint
Template:HsFBu Template:HsBurundian franc
Template:HsFCFA Template:HsCentral African CFA franc Also CFA[7]

Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
Template:HsFr Template:HsComorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr) and Swiss (SFr) francs Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, proposed as a symbol for the French Franc by Édouard Balladur in 1988 was never adopted, it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.
Template:HsFRw Template:HsRwandan franc[8] Possibly also RF[9] and RFr[10]
Template:HsCFA Template:HsWest African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
Template:HsG Template:HsHaitian gourde
Template:Hsgr Template:HsPolish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
Template:Hs Template:HsParaguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
Template:Hsh Template:HsCzech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
Template:Hs Template:HsUkrainian hryvnia
Template:Hs Template:HsLao kip Or ₭N
Template:Hs Template:HsCzech koruna
Template:Hskr Template:HsDanish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones

Swedish krona

Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone.
Template:Hskn Template:HsCroatian kuna
Template:HsMK Template:HsMalawian kwacha
Template:HsZK Template:HsZambian kwacha
Template:HsKz Template:HsAngolan kwanza
Template:HsK Template:HsMyanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina
Template:Hs Template:HsGeorgian lari
Template:HsL Template:HsAlbanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
Template:HsLe Template:HsSierra Leonean leone
Template:HsE Template:HsSwazi lilangeni Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni.

" The one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol
L
Template:Hslp Template:HsCroatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
Template:Hs Template:HsTurkish lira
Template:HsLt Template:HsLithuanian litas
Template:HsM Template:HsLesotho loti Symbol based on plural form "maloti.

" The one-loti note employs the currency symbol
L
Template:HsAzeri manat symbol.svg Template:HsAzerbaijani manat Also m. and man.
Template:HsКМ Template:HsBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Latin form: KM
Template:HsMT Template:HsMozambican metical[11] Also MTn
Template:Hs Template:HsMill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
Template:HsNfk Template:HsEritrean nakfa Also Nfa[7]
Template:Hs Template:HsNigerian naira
Template:HsNu. Template:HsBhutanese ngultrum
Template:HsUM Template:HsMauritanian ouguiya[12]
Template:HsMOP$ Template:HsMacanese pataca Alsoand
Template:Hs Template:HsPhilippine peso Also P, PhP, and P
Template:HsPt. Template:HsEgyptian piastre A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
Template:Hs£ Template:HsBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds Alsoand L
Template:Hsج.م. Template:HsEgyptian pound Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or
Template:HsP Template:HsBotswana pula
Template:HsQ Template:HsGuatemalan quetzal
Template:Hsq Template:HsAlbanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
Template:HsR Template:HsSouth African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
Template:HsR$ Template:HsBrazilian real Also the double-barred dollar sign:
Template:Hsريال Template:HsIranian rial Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.
Template:Hsر.ع. Template:HsOmani rial
Template:Hsر.ق Template:HsQatari riyal Latin: QR
Template:Hsر.س Template:HsSaudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
Template:Hs Template:HsCambodian riel
Template:HsRM Template:HsMalaysian ringgit
Template:Hsр. British &c. pennies The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Pridnestrovie ruble sign.svg Template:HsPridnestrovie ruble
Template:HsRuble sign.svg Template:HsRussian ruble
Template:HsRf. Template:HsMaldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and
Template:Hs Template:HsIndian rupee Previously ₨ or Rs or Re (before July 15, 2010)
Template:Hs Template:HsMauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.) and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees
Template:Hs (PKR) Pakistani Rupee
Template:HsSRe Template:HsSeychellois rupee[15] Also SR
Template:HsRp Template:HsIndonesian rupiah
Template:Hss Template:HsLatvian santīms A centesimal division of the lats.
Template:Hs Template:HsIsraeli new shekel
Template:HsKsh Template:HsKenyan shilling Also KSh
Template:HsSh.So. Template:HsSomali shilling[16]
Template:HsUSh Template:HsUgandan shilling
Template:HsS/. Template:HsPeruvian nuevo sol
Template:HsSDR Template:HsSpecial drawing rights
Template:Hsлв Template:HsBulgarian lev
Template:Hsсом Template:HsKyrgyzstani som
Template:Hs Template:HsBangladeshi Taka Also Tk
Template:HsWS$ Template:HsSamoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala."

Also
T and ST.

See also $
Template:HsKazakhstani tenge symbol.svg Template:HsKazakhstani tenge Unicode:
Template:Hs Template:HsMongolian tögrög
Template:HsVT Template:HsVanuatu vatu[17]
Template:Hs Template:HsNorth Korean and South Korean won
Template:Hs¥ Template:HsJapanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
Used with one and two crossbars.

元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Template:Hs Template:HsPolish złoty

List of historic currency symbols

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. Template:Pt Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  8. National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  12. Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.

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