# Leverett J-function

{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Technical |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} In petroleum engineering, the Leverett J-function is a dimensionless function of water saturation describing the capillary pressure,[1]

${\displaystyle J(S_{w})={\frac {p_{c}(S_{w}){\sqrt {k/\phi }}}{\gamma \cos \theta }}}$

where ${\displaystyle S_{w}}$ is the water saturation measured as a fraction, ${\displaystyle p_{c}}$ is the capillary pressure (in pascal), ${\displaystyle k}$ is the permeability (measured in ), ${\displaystyle \phi }$ is the porosity (0-1), ${\displaystyle \gamma }$ is the surface tension and ${\displaystyle \theta }$ is the contact angle. The function is important in that it is constant for a given saturation within a reservoir, thus relating reservoir properties for neighboring beds.

The Leverett J-function is an attempt at extrapolating capillary pressure data for a given rock to rocks that are similar but with differing permeability, porosity and wetting properties. It assumes that the porous rock can be modelled as a bundle of non-connecting capillary tubes, where the factor ${\displaystyle {\sqrt {k/\phi }}}$ is a characteristic length of the capillaries' radii.