# Tychonoff cube

In mathematics, more specifically in general topology, the **Tychonoff cube** is the generalization of the unit cube from the product of a finite number of unit intervals to the product of an infinite, even uncountable number of unit intervals. The Tychonoff cube is named after Andrey Tychonoff, who first considered the arbitrary product of topological spaces and who proved in the 1930s that the Tychonoff cube is compact. Tychonoff later generalized this to the product of collections of arbitrary compact spaces. This result is now known as Tychonoff's theorem and is considered one of the most important results in general topology.^{[1]}

## Definition

Let denote the unit interval . Given a cardinal number , we define a Tychonoff cube of weight as the space with the product topology, i.e. the product where is the cardinality of and, for all , .

The Hilbert cube, , is a special case of a Tychonoff cube.

## Properties

- The Tychonoff cube is compact.
- Given a cardinal number , the space is embeddable in .
- The Tychonoff cube is a universal space for every compact space of weight .
- The Tychonoff cube is a universal space for every Tychonoff space of weight .
- The character of is .

## See also

- Tychonoff plank – the topological product of the two ordinal spaces and , where is the first infinite ordinal and the first uncountable ordinal
- Long line (topology) – a generalization of the real line from a countable number of line segments [0, 1) laid end-to-end to an uncountable number of such segments.

## References

- Ryszard Engelking,
*General Topology*, Heldermann Verlag, Sigma Series in Pure Mathematics, December 1989, ISBN 3885380064.

## Notes

- ↑ {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}